Its a tough challenge, especially for a woman, that yearning to have a child, a baby to hold in her hands, but a miscarriage snatches this dream, and sometimes it will keep re-occurring, and the woman worries, she gets the blame, it becomes her burden, she even lives in shame. What are the causes of miscarriage you may not know about?
These question came to mind when I saw some outstanding write-ups which were expository to the fact that indeed, there are some less explored or known reasons why miscarriage could occur or keep occurring, and guess what? Some of them have absolutely nothing to do with the woman. Sadly however, in some societies, it is solely seen as a woman’s problem and many women will go down this depressing path, never knowing the true source off their challenges. Hoping this post serves as an eye opener.
What is a miscarriage?
A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy, loss of a fetus in the womb especially before the pregnancy becomes visible. It often occurs before a pregnancy reaches its 20th week.
Who are those more at risk of a miscarriage?
- Women who have advanced in age, those who have reached their late 30s and entered into their 40s and above are more prone to having a miscarriage.
- Health conditions, such as uncontrolled diabetes, lupus, or hormone problems.
- Exposure to toxic materials.
- Unhealthy lifestyle habits such as drinking, smoking or substance abuse.
However the aim of the post is to look at some overlooked causes of miscarriage you may not know about or never imagined existed.
THE RH (RHESUS) FACTOR
As there are different blood groups people have, there is also something called the Rh factor. This is a trait that has to do with the red blood cells. Most people have the RH factor, hence they are Rh positive, those who don’t are Rh negative. The Rh factor is inherited from parents, if the either parents have Rh positive and negative, the child could be either Rh positive or negative, and if both parents are negative the chid will be negative.
What is the Rh factor’s role in a miscarriage?
Rhesus factor incompatibility is a factor that can occur with pregnancy. A mother who is Rh negative and carrying a Rh positive fetus can have this incompatibility problem when her blood comes in contact with that from her fetus which is Rh positive, and causes her to make antibodies against the Rh positive she is carrying, because her body sees it as a foreign body that should be attacked, when this happens, miscarriage will occur.
The woman with the Rh negative is one who should understand this and be concerned about it, because there is a possibility she will carry an Rh positive child, and though blood may not always cross from her to the child, certain events could make this happen during pregnancy or at child birth. The great news is this challenge can be handled appropriately by health care providers. For more in depth reading and understanding of the Rh factor follow this link https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/The-Rh-Factor-How-It-Can-Affect-Your-Pregnancy
THE MAN’S SPERM AND MISCARRIAGE
In African societies, it is hardly ever the man’s problem or concern when issues of infertility arise, however, this narrative is changing as scientists have discovered that the man can be involved in miscarriages too. How? Through what is called Sperm Quality which has to do with sperm DNA. Sperm DNA damage has been linked to high recurrent miscarriage rates especially when the father has high number of abnormal chromosome. Scientist has Discovered that unhealthy or defective sperm DNA can fertilize an egg but the fetus could struggle to survive. The woman has 90% chances of losing the baby through a miscarriage. There are also treatments for men with such challenges, couples should always explore fertility options and treatments wholesomely than leaving it as the problem of one partner to handle.
This is just to point out to the seldom explored or understood reasons miscarriage sometimes occurs, which has nothing to do with the woman’s body, rather it sometimes has to do with issues beyond her control or issues she and her partner are in the dark about.
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